1. Pay close attention to the rhythm of Pashto/Dari as you're talking to native speakers of Pashto/Dari.  Remember, every language has its own unique rhythm.

 

2. Find out the sounds you have difficulty pronouncing and practice them individually.  E.g., for non -Pashto speakers, (ټ څ ډ ړ ڼ) can sound unnatural at the beginning, but with practice, you will be able to pronounce them correctly!


 

3. Speak slowly "slowly enough" to make sure all sounds are properly pronounced.  This may feel unusual at the beginning to slow down your rate of speech but it will help your pronunciation. This works for speakers of all target languages.


 

4. Speak clearly and loudly based on each setting. Do not pay too much attention to your accent. Speaking in a low tone and avoiding responding in that language will not help you improve your pronunciation.


 

5. Ask your friends who are native speakers of Pashto/Dari to correct you if you mispronounce a word. Out of politeness, they may not do that unless you ask them. If your goal is to improve your skills, you have to interact in that language.

 

 

 

6. Try to record your own voice and listen to it for mispronunciation and accent. This technique has worked for so many people of so many different languages.

 

 

 

7. Decide what dialect/accent you would like to learn or improve.  There are numerous regional dialects in Pashto/Dari. For language learners, the standard and official dialect is ideal as it is widely understood by almost all Pashto/Dari speakers.

 

 

 

8. Practice in your free time. E.g., working on sounds like; (مڼه، ډوډی، ړوند، ټوپک، څادر)

 

 

 

Take a newspaper or magazine and select an article; circle all words with your target sound; then read the article aloud while focusing on your sound. This will help reinforce correct pronunciation.

 

 

 

9. Observe the mouth movement of those who speak your target language well and try to imitate them. Preferably, find a language role model.

 

 

 

10. Make a list of frequently used words that you find difficult to pronounce and ask someone who speaks the language well to pronounce them for you.

 

 

 

11. Incorporate facial expressions and gestures to reinforce your message.

 

 

 

12. There are numerous resources that can tremendously help you improve not only your accent but your language performance as a whole. There are many resources available free on the internet such as YouTube videos, online websites, dictionaries, local newspaper and magazines.